Confined Flares

Aims:  Understand how the energy is released in flares.  More precisely:
                     - Does magnetic reconnection occur in flares ? How ? Where ?
                     - Which improvements of the theory are needed (e.g.  3D reconnection...) ?

Bagala L.G., Mandrini C.H., Rovira M.G., Démoulin P.,
              Magnetic reconnection: A common origin for flares and AR  interconnecting arcs,
         2000, A&A 363, 779    PS gzip
Gaizauskas V., Mandrini C.H., Démoulin P., Luoni M.L.  Rovira M.G.,
              Interactions Between Nested Sunspots II.  A Confined X1 Flare in a Delta-Type Sunspot,
         1998, A&A 332, 353     PS gzip
Aulanier G., Démoulin P., Schmieder B., Fang.C., Tang Y.H.,
              Magnetohydrostatic model of bald patch flares,
         1998, Solar Physics 183, 369
Schmieder B., Aulanier G., Démoulin P., van  Driel-Gesztelyi L.,  Roudier T., Nitta N., Cauzzi G.,
              Magnetic reconnection driven by emergence of  sheared magnetic field,
         1997, A&A 325, 1213     PDF
Mandrini C.H., Démoulin P., Bagala L.G., van Driel-Gesztelyi L.,  et al.
              Evidence of Magnetic Reconnection from Halpha , Soft X-rays and Photospheric
                          Magnetic Field Observations,
         1997, Solar Physics 174, 229
Démoulin, P., Bagala, L.G., Mandrini, C.H., Hénoux,  J.C., Rovira M.G.,
              Quasi-separatrix layers in solar flares.  II Observed magnetic configurations,
         1997, A&A 325, 305       PDF
Démoulin, P., Hénoux, J.C., Priest, E.R., Mandrini, C.H.,
               Quasi-separatrix layers in solar flares.  I Method,
         1996, A&A 308, 643       PDF
Bagala L.G., Mandrini C.H., Démoulin P., Rovira  M.G., Hénoux J.C.,
               A topological approach to understand a multiple loop solar flare,
         1995, Solar Physics 161, 103
Mandrini, C.H., Démoulin, P., Rovira, M.G., de la  Beaujardiére J.F. , Hénoux, J.C.,
               Constraints on flare models set by the active region
                        magnetic  topology, Magnetic topology of AR 6233,
         1995, A&A 303, 927
Démoulin, P., Mandrini, C.H., Rovira, M.G., Hénoux, J.C., Machado, M.E.,
               Interpretation of multiwavelength observations of  november 5, 1980 solar flares by
                        the magnetic topology  of AR 2776,
         1994, Solar Physics 150, 221
Démoulin P., Hénoux J.C., Mandrini C.H.,
               Are null magnetic points important in solar flares ?
         1994, A&A 285, 1023
van Driel, L., Hofmann, A., Démoulin,P., Schmieder, B., Csepura, G. ,
                Relation between electric currents, photospheric motions,
                          chromospheric activity and magnetic field topology,
         1994, Solar Physics, 149, 309
Mandrini, C.H., Rovira, M.G., Démoulin, P., Hénoux, J.C., Machado, M., Wilkinson, L.,
               Evidence for magnetic reconnection in large scale
                         magnetic structures in solar flares,
         1993, A&A 272, 609
Démoulin, P.,  van Driel, L., Schmieder, B.,  Hénoux, J.C., Csepura, G., Hagyard, M.J.,
                    Evidence for energy release by magnetic reconnection in solar flares.,
         1993, A&A 271, 292
Mandrini, C.H., Démoulin, P., Hénoux, J.C., Machado, M.E.,
                Evidence for the interaction of large scale magnetic  structures in solar flares.,
         1991, A&A 250, 541