Huygens legacy conference to celebrate the fifth anniversary of landing on Titan
Barcelona, 13-15 January 2010
On 14 January 2005 the European Space Agency’s Huygens probe separated from its NASA Cassini mother spacecraft and landed on Saturn’s moon Titan. The touchdown on the surface of Titan marked the first, and so far only, landing of a man-made probe in the outer Solar System, at 10 AU. To mark the fifth anniversary of this remarkable event, scientists gathered from 13-15 January at the CosmoCaixa science museum in Barcelona, Spain, and reviewed the key scientific and engineering achievements of Huygens, evaluated the current understanding of Titan, and discussed future Titan exploration mission and instrumentation concepts.
CosmoCaixa, Barcelona 2010
- the meeting's web site:
- the ESA Conference Press Release
- Press Release (in french):
The meeting was filmed by Lightcurvefilms (M. Roos) and will be produced in the
form of a CDROM (to be ready in March 2010). The presentations are assembled by
J.-P. Lebreton and will soon be made available.
The history behind Huygens, by Daniel Gautier
History of the Huygens mission
Glint of Sunlight Confirms Liquid in Northern Lake District of Titan
Full resolution file (1.7MB): http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/tiff/PIA12481.tif
This image shows the first flash of sunlight reflected off a lake on Saturn’s moon Titan. The glint off a mirror-like surface is known as a specular reflection. This kind of glint was detected by the visual and infrared mapping spectrometer (VIMS) on NASA’s Cassini spacecraft on July 8, 2009. It confirmed the presence of liquid in the moon’s northern hemisphere, where lakes are more numerous and larger than those in the southern hemisphere. Scientists using VIMS had confirmed the presence of liquid in Ontario Lacus, the largest lake in the southern hemisphere, in 2008.
The northern hemisphere was shrouded in darkness for nearly 15 years, but the sun began to illuminate the area again as it approached its spring equinox in August 2009. VIMS was able to detect the glint as the viewing geometry changed. Titan’s hazy atmosphere also scatters and absorbs many wavelengths of light, including most of the visible light spectrum. But the VIMS instrument enabled scientists to look for the glint in infrared wavelengths that were able to penetrate through the moon’s atmosphere. This image was created using wavelengths of light in the 5 micron range.
By comparing the new image to radar and near-infrared light images acquired from 2006 to 2008, Cassini scientists were able to correlate the reflection to the southern shoreline of a Titan lake called Kraken Mare. The sprawling Kraken Mare covers about 400,000 square kilometers (150,000 square miles). The reflection appeared to come from a part of the lake around 71 degrees north latitude and 337 degrees west latitude.
It was taken on Cassini’s 59th flyby of Titan on July 8, 2009, at a distance of about 200,000 kilometers (120,000 miles). The image resolution was about 100 kilometers (60 miles) per pixel. Image processing was done at the German Aerospace Center in Berlin and the University of Arizona in Tucson.
The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter was designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The visual and infrared mapping spectrometer team is based at the University of Arizona, Tucson.
For more information about the Cassini-Huygens mission visit http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/home/index.cfm. The visual and infrared mapping spectrometer team homepage is at http://wwwvims.lpl.arizona.edu.
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona/DLR
Image Addition Date: